If you are planning to travel the world, like we are, or just want to travel to a certain country, you will be seeing amazing things like different cultures, people and environments. But this does not come without any risk, considering that there are a lot of different diseases that we’re not resistant against. The solution is vaccinations. In this article I will be explaining everything about what you have the keep in mind considering a vaccination.
Vaccination is a topic which often is underestimated. It can take a lot of time getting to know which vaccination you need and how expensive it is. This is why I will split it in different categories: which vaccination will you need, where can you get them? And how much do you have to pay?
When traveling the world you will encounter a lot of different illnesses. After doing some research and talking to a doctor or two I made a list of vaccinations I will probably need.
The prices are quite high but if you are living in a country like us (the Netherlands) then the insurance will pay most of the vaccination (except rabiës vaccination, which are the most expensive :/ )
Of course it depends on where you are going and what you personally need. So I would definitely advise to visit you doctor for advice.
Now I will be going into depth about all the different illnesses that you will need a vaccination against:
Hepatitis A can be found everywhere in the world, although there are low risk areas like the US and Europe. But when traveling the world you will definitely need this vaccination. You can get hepatitis A by contaminated food and water, so be sure to get this vaccination and watch very carefully what you eat and drink! The first vaccination against hepatitis A gives complete protection against the virus for one year. If you take the second hepatitis A injection after at least six to twelve months, you will even be protected for at least 25 years against this disease. These are the countries where you should consider getting vaccinations to protect yourself from getting hepatitis A:
Hepatitis B is mostly transferred from mother to child, but this illness is also transferred by unprotected sexual contact, infected needles and exposure to infected blood. This vaccination is definitely worth getting if you are planning to have sex with a new partner, but also very important and usually forgotten: getting a tattoo. If this is done without a lot of disinfection then you might be at risk. You usually do not need a hepatitis B vaccination on an ordinary trip. For many countries, it is advised to have it vaccinated for stays longer than three months. In that case, you will get three injections at intervals of one and five months. After these vaccinations, you should be protected for life.
This illness is only transferred by infected mosquitos, which are mainly found in cities. Approximately 80% of the infected people have no symptoms. Mild symptoms such as sudden fever, headaches (behind the eyes), muscle and joint pain and skin rash occurs in about 15% of them. Avoid places with stagnant water, as dengue mosquitoes breed here. The mosquitoes bite mostly during the day, so make sure you always wear covering clothing and use mosquito repellent spray (with DEET). A vaccine or treatment against dengue is unfortunately not yet available. Luckily adults usually recover completely, although the recovery period lasts long.
Depending on which time of the year you are planning to travel this might be a very important one, because this illness is spread by mosquitos. So if you are planning to stay a lot outside and want to see very remote areas then this is definitely worth getting. These are the countries where you should consider getting vaccinations to protect yourself from getting Japanese encephalitis: